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WHO Declares China Malaria-Free After 70 Years of Efforts

Representative photo of mosquitoes: Reuters

The World Health Organisation (WHO) declared China malaria-free on June 30, after a 70 year old effort to eradicate the disease.

“We congratulate the people of China on ridding the country of malaria. Their success was hard-earned and came only after decades of targeted and sustained action. With this announcement, China joins the growing number of countries that are showing the world that a malaria-free future is a viable goal,” said WHO director general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

China used to report around 30 million cases per year in the 1940s. Since then, government efforts and initiatives led to a steady decline in cases.

The WHO said China started to distribute medicine to prevent the disease in risk areas decades ago. Mosquito-breeding areas have also been systematically reduced and insect repellents and protective nets have been made widely available.

A scientific program in 1967 to find new malaria treatments led to the discovery of artemisinin, which is the core compound of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs).

In the 1980s, China was among the first countries to extensively test the use of insecticide-treated nets to prevent malaria.

在20世纪90年代,中国跌至117,000,死亡已被削减了95%。从2003年起,中国甚至升高了努力。每年的案例数量下降到每年5000。

To be declared free of themosquito-borne disease, countries can apply for WHO certification after three years of zero indigenous cases. This is followed by presenting evidence, and demonstrating the capacity to prevent an outbreak.

China applied forWHO certification2020年,连续四年零土着病例。今年5月前往该国的专家核实疟疾的地位,并准备防止未来的爆发。

Malaria is transmitted by the infected anopheles mosquito. If not treated in time, it has the potential to become life-threatening. Symptoms include high fever, headache, and chills, among others.

根据谁,大约40个国家赢得了对抗疟疾的斗争。中国是西太平洋地区的第一个国家,在30年内实现这一突破。其他国家最近获得地位的是萨尔瓦多,阿尔及利亚和阿根廷,以及巴拉圭和乌兹别克斯坦。

The WHO’s last World Malaria Report says there were 229 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2019. The estimated number of deaths was 409,000 in 2019, compared to 411,000 deaths in 2018.Africa accounts for94% of all malaria cases.

This article first appeared onDW. Read the originalhere.

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